Photoshop Midterm Project
Choose and research a monster from myth or legend, then create it, its environment, and its interactions in a Photoshop scene. You can use pieces from online photos or other imagery to build your monster. Caption the image with its name and a short summary.
- Pick a monster from the list of 75 in the Monster Chart below. Yes, it must be one of these unless you get an okay from me ahead of time for an alternate monster.
- Research the monster online. The synopses below are just to help you select a monster and get you started. You should learn a lot more about your monster than what you read here.
- Create a scene in Photoshop which includes the monster and its environment. The scene you create should also tell something about this monster’s legend and its behavior.
- Your image must be created from scratch, or pieced together from many different image sources. You may use images found online.
- Your monster may not be merely selected whole from a single image you found. For example you would instead take eyes from one animal, ears from another, tail from another, fur from another, etc. Blend the pieces together to make a cohesive and convincing monster.
- Your background should be similarly pieced together, not a single scene from a single source image.
- The scene you create should tell something about this monster’s story, environment, and behavior.
- Include text within your composition, that includes the name of the monster and a short summary about it (2-3 sentences) in your own words.
- Your submitted file must be a multi-layered Photoshop file which is at least 800x800px.
- Work hard and spend a lot of time on this!
Fantastical and Legendary Monsters
|Adaro||Solomon Islands||Shape-Shifter||A malevolent sea-spirit in the shape of a fish-man, a man with tail fins on his feet and gills behind his ears. He has a horn like a shark’s back fin and a pike on his head like a sword fish or sawfish. They live in the sun, and travel to earth on rainbows. While on earth, they travel on waterspouts. Unlike mermaids, they are dangerous to humans, as they shoot them with flying fish, causing unconsciousness and sometimes death. Adaro is the the bad part or soul-substance of a man which remains after death as a ghost.|
|Agogwe||East Africa||Legendary Race of Humanoids||A small human-like biped living in the forests. It is 3-4 feet tall with long arms, long rust colored woolly hair and is said to have yellowish-red skin under its coat. It has also been reported as having black or grey hair. Its feet are about 6 in long with opposable toes. Differences between it and known apes include a rounded forehead, small canines and its hair and skin color.|
|Ahool||Java||Flying Monster||Has a monkey/ape-like head with large dark eyes, large claws on its forearms approximately the size of an infant, and a body covered in gray fur. Possibly the most intriguing and astounding feature is that it is said to have a wingspan of 10 feet. This is almost twice as long as the largest known bat in the world, the common flying fox. The ahool is said to live in the deepest rainforests.|
|Ahuizotl||Aztec||Demon||Half human and half monkey, with a hand coming out of the end of its tail. The Ahuizotl is greatly feared as an eater of human flesh, and it particularly likes eyes, teeth and nails. Being a water creature, it uses its tail hand to snatch people walking too close to the water’s edge, or fishermen. Sometimes it cries and when people come near it to see what is wrong, it grabs them.|
|Aitvaras||Lithuania||Shape-Shifter||A household spirit that looks like a dwarf or a white or black rooster with a fiery tail. An Aitvaras may hatch from an egg of a 9-12 year old rooster. If the Aitvaras dies, he becomes a spark. In many cases, it is described as having the appearance of a rooster while indoors and the appearance of a dragon outdoors. An Aitvaras will lodge itself in a house and will most often refuse to leave. It brings both good and bad luck to the inhabitants of the house.|
|Amemasu||Japan||Sea/ Lake Monster||A giant whale or fish-like creature that lives in Lake Mashu in Hokkaidō and capsizes boats, creates earthquakes and causes other disasters. In one tale, the amemasu swallows a deer that has come down to the lake to drink, but the deer’s antler tears open the great fish’s belly and kills it. The amemasu’s enormous corpse then blocks up the lake and puts it in danger of flooding. A god in the form of a bird warns the people in villages nearby. The villagers upstream escape to higher ground, but the people downstream, not believing the bird, find the amemasu’s body and drag it out of the lake, after which the water comes rushing out with such force that everything downriver is washed away.|
|Ammut||Egypt||Demon||A formidable deity that stands in the Hall of Ma’at to take care of the bad souls. Ammut is depicted with the head of a crocodile or dog, the front part of her body like a lion or leopard, and her back part in the form of a hippopotamus, a combination of those animals which were considered as the most dangerous to the ancient Egyptians. Ma’at was regarded as the personification of the principles of truth and justice. The hearts of those who failed the test were given to Ammut to devour, and their souls were not permitted to enter Aaru, having to be restless forever – dying a second time.|
|Amphisbaena||Greece||Fabled Beast||A mythological, ant-eating serpent with a head at each end. The earlier descriptions of the amphisbaena depict what looks basically like a snake, but with a head at either end. However, medieval and later drawings often show it with two or more scaled feet, particularly chicken feet and feathered wings. Some even depict it with horns on the front head and small, round ears on the other, or horns on both heads. These horns are long and either curved upwards or slightly spiraled. Also, some show it with the second head on the end of its tail, while others have both “necks” of equal size so that it cannot be determined which is the rear head. Many descriptions of the amphisbaena say its eyes glow like candles or lightning. If the amphisbaena is cut in half, the two parts can rejoin.|
|Anthropophagi||England||Legendary Race of Humanoids||Creatures with no heads and a mouth in their chests. Their diminutive brain was located in their groin, and their eyes on their shoulders. Cannibal faeries, thier lack of a nose allows them to eat human flesh without gagging. The were made popular by William Shakespeare in Merry Wives of Windsor (1602) and Othello (1605), but were part of English lore before that.|
|Ankou||Brittany||Psychopomp||Faerie version of the grim reaper. Collects the souls of the dead and aids them on their journey to the next world, in his old rickety cart. The cart is pulled along either by two horses, one of which is old and thin while the other is youthful and strong, or by four black horses of unspecified age. Ankou is tall, and wears a wide-brimmed hat and long coat.|
|Argus||Greece||Giant||A hundred-eyed giant. The eyes were all over his body and even when the others were closed, two stayed open and were watchful. He killed the horrible Echinda in her sleep. Hermes eventually charmed him to sleep and cut off his head. Hera took his eyes and placed them in the tail of the peacock.|
|Asoon Puksa||Asia||Flying Monster||A bird-based creature which has the upper body of a giant and the lower (from torso down) body of a bird. Some say its lower body is that of a rooster. Believed to be carnivorous in nature due to its upper body characteristics of giant race. The creature is able to fly at great great speed and prey on large animals such as deer, horses, and even humans.|
|Baba Yaga||Russia||Fairy Creature||A hag who flies through the air in a mortar, using the pestle as a rudder and sweeping away the tracks behind her with a broom made out of silver birch. She lives in a log cabin that moves around on a pair of dancing chicken legs. The keyhole to her front door is a mouth filled with sharp teeth; the fence outside is made with human bones with skulls on top — often with one pole lacking its skull, so there is space for the hero’s. In another legend, the house does not reveal the door until it is told a magical phrase: Turn your back to the forest, your front to me.|
|Bai Ze||China||Fabled Beast||A fantastic beast which is said to advise only virtuous kings. Bai Ze is somewhat like a massive lion, and can be distinguished by the presence of single or double horns. Often it will have extra eyes on its face or back. It is usually considered to be quite intelligent and well-read. According to the legend, Bai Ze was encountered by the Yellow Emperor while he was on patrol in the East. The creature could talk and explained that he only visited the greatest and most auspicious of rulers.|
|Bajang||Malaysia||Shape-Shifter||A lesser spirit from Malaysian mythology which generally takes the form of a pole-cat (musang) and disturbs the household by mewing like a great cat. The bajang’s true form is that of a stunted, stocky human with a blunt nose, wispy hair, and pale brown skin. It has beady orange eyes and a wide, lipless mouth, which is permanently creased in an evil sneer. Its hands are bony claws, and its feet resemble the talons of a vulture. It can alter self at will into the form of a small wildcat. The creature is most often encountered in this form. As a wildcat, it has light brown fur and retains its distinctive orange. The bajang makes its lair in its lifeforce tree. It prefers to live in a dense jungle, where its tree is more difficult for enemies to locate.|
|Barghest||England||Undead||A monstrous goblin-dog with huge teeth and claws. The barghest is essentially a nocturnal spectre, and its appearance is regarded as a portent of death. Its Welsh form is confined to the sea-coast parishes, and on the Norfolk coast the creature is supposed to be amphibious, coming out of the sea by night and travelling about the lonely lanes.|
|Boobrie||Scotland||Shape-Shifter||A mythical giant water bird that is generally only encountered by sailors and passengers at sea. It resembles a crane with a slightly hooked beak and clawed webbed feet. It has black plumage, lightening to dark grey, with a bright red beak and legs. It has a distinctive cry that is more raucous than the peacock. These grotesque birds tend to prey on ships carrying livestock. The Boobrie’s hunting strategy usually consists of mimicking the call of a lamb or calf (or whatever animal the vessel is carrying). Should an adult animal then stray over to investigate, the Boobrie would grasp it in its horrid talons, drag it overboard and drown it.|
|Brosno Dragon||Russia||Sea/ Lake Monster||A lake monster resembling a dragon or dinosaur. Chronicles mention a “sand mountain” that appeared on the lake surface from time to time. According to another legend, some Varangians (Swedish mercenaries) wanted to hide stolen treasure in the lake. When they approached the small island, a dragon came to the surface from the lake and swallowed the island up. Locals say that it turns boats upside-down and has to do with disappearance of people.|
|Bunyip||Australia||Sea/ Lake Monster||Aboriginal tribes do not all give the same visual description of the creature. Some say the bunyip looks like a huge snake with a beard and a mane; others say it looks like a huge furry half-human beast with a long neck and a head like a bird. Common features in Aboriginal drawings include a horse-like tail, flippers, and walrus-like tusks or horns. The Aborigine’s fear of Bunyip can probably be traced back to a known aquatic man-killer, the saltwater crocodile. The bunyip has a loud bellowing cry terrifies the aborigines.|
|Cadborosaurus||Western Canada||Sea/ Lake Monster||A sea serpent reported to be living on the Pacific Coast of North America. It has vertical coils or humps in tandem behind the horse-like head and long neck, with a pair of small elevating front flippers, and a pair of large webbed hind flippers fused to form a large fan-like tail region that provides powerful forward propulsion. The creature is similar in behavior to various lake monsters such as the Loch Ness monster.|
|Cerberus||Greece||Psychopomp||The guardian hound of Hades (the Greek Underworld). He was represented as a grotesque dog who had three heads, all of which snarled at those foolish enough to attempt to leave the Underworld. The center head was in the shape of a lion, while the other two were in the shape of a dog and a wolf, respectively. He also had a dragon’s tail and a thick mane of writhing snakes.|
|Charybdis||Greece||Sea/ Lake Monster||A sea monster who swallows huge amounts of water three times a day and then belches them back out again. She takes form as a whirlpool and devours anything within range. She lies on one side of a narrow channel of water. She takes form as a huge bladder of a creature whose face was all mouth and whose arms and legs were flippers. The myth has Charybdis lying on one side of a blue, narrow channel of water. On the other side of the strait was Scylla, another sea-monster. The two sides of the strait are within an arrow’s range of each other, so close that sailors attempting to avoid Charybdis will pass too close to Scylla and vice versa.|
|Chiang-shih||China||Undead||Reanimated corpse that hops around, killing living creatures to absorb life essence (qì) from their victims. Some appear as a normal human being, while others have a hideous green phosphorescent glow, with serrated teeth and long talons. They are very pale and have very dark circles under their eyes. The chiang-shih were not known to rise from the grave, so their transformation had to take place prior to burial.|
|Chemosit||Kenya||Cryptid||The body of a big ape, or a combination of the lower body of a hyena with the chest, arms, and head of a great ape. Others say it looks like a hyena or a bear, and call it a Nandi bear. It has long reddish to yellow hair, short broad tail, sometimes going on four legs, sometimes on two. The claws and teeth of the chemosit are supposed to be very sharp. It is a nocturnal animal and is said to attack humans only on dark moonless nights. It has been said to prey upon the children and natives from the villages. The chemosit is said to be as comfortable on the tree tops as it is on the ground.|
|Chonchon||Chile & Argentina||Shape-Shifter||A mythical bird in the shape of a human head, with feathers and talons; its ears, which are extremely large, serve as wings for its flight on moonless nights. They are known for their cry of “tue tue tue” during their flights. The Chonchon is the magic transformation of a powerful kalku (sorcerer). The kalku would carry out the transformation by being anointed in the throat by a magic cream that removes his head from the rest of the body. Then his head become the chonchon.|
|Cuegle||Spain||Fabled Beast||Walking on two legs and roughly humanoid in shape, it has black skin, three arms without hands or fingers, five rows of teeth, a single stubby horn and three eyes in its head: one green, one red, and one blue. Despite its small size, the cuegle has great strength. The cuegle attacks people and livestock, and is reputed to steal babies from the cradle. It may be protected against by placing oak or holly leaves, which it finds repulsive, in the cradle.|
|Curupira||Brazil||Fairy Creature||A wild human boy with flaming red hair and green teeth. Its most startling characteristic, however, is that its feet are turned to face backwards. It protects the forest from the destructive habits of man. It happily tolerates those who hunt for food but is infuriated by those who hunt for the pleasure of it and will lay traps and confuse them so that they become eternally lost in the forest. Its backward feet, for example, have the effect of confusing hunters who may try to follow its tracks.|
|Death Worm||Mongolia||Cryptid||A fat, bright red worm, two to five feet long, which is vividly likened to a living cow’s intestine. A cryptid reported to exist in the Gobi Desert. The death worm is so feared among the people of Mongolia that many consider the mere mention of its name bad luck. It is attributed with the dramatic ability to kill people and animals instantly at a range of several *feet. It is even believed that the worm sprays an immensely lethal poison; a sort of acidic liquid that immediately makes anything it touches turn yellow and corroded.|
|Deer Woman||Native American||Shape-Shifter||A shape-shifting woman – she is often said to have all the features of a normal young woman save for her feet which are shaped like deer hooves and her brown deer’s eyes. She allegedly appears at various times as an old woman, or a young maiden, or a deer. Some descriptions assign her a human female upper body and the lower body of a white-tailed deer. The Deer Woman is said to sometimes be seen as a beautiful woman just off the trail or behind a bush, calling to men to come over. Men who are lured into her presence often notice too late that she is not a natural woman and are then stomped to death.|
|Dobhar-chu||Ireland||Sea/ Lake Monster||Resembles both a dog and an otter. Dobhar-chu lives in water and has fur with protective properties. Dobhar-chu comes in various colours, one phenotype is described as white with short fur, and has features quite like an otter and has a black or dark brown “cross-like” mark that runs down its neck and back. The Glenade Stone is said to have been the headstone of a woman killed by the Dobhar-chu. Her husband heard her scream as she was washing clothes down at the Glenade lough and came to her aid. When he got there, she was already dead, with the Dobhar-chu upon her bloody and mutilated body. The man killed the Dobhar-chu, stabbing it in the heart. As it died, it made a whistling noise.|
|Dover Demon||Massachussets, U.S.A.||Cryptid||A disproportionately large, watermelon-shaped head and illuminated orange eyes, like glass marbles. It had long, thin arms and legs with slender fingers, which it used to grasp onto the pavement. It was hairless and had rough, fleshtoned skin, described as tan and sandpaper-like. The creature’s appearance was very plain, with no nose or ears, and no mouth was seen. Drawings portray its head as having a skull shape, forming the contour of a circle on top with a more elliptical ending projecting down to include where the nose and mouth would be.|
|Dropbear||Australia||Cryptid||A fictional Australian marsupial commonly said to be an unusually large, vicious, carnivorous koala that inhabit treetops and attack its prey by dropping onto their heads from above. They are an example of local lore intended to frighten and confuse outsiders, and amuse locals. Drop Bears vary from 3 to 5 feet in hight, but are extremely strong. They are covered in a dense fur, which can range from almost black to the Alpine Drop Bear’s snowy white coat. They have broad shoulders and razor sharp claws on all four limbs. They are able to walk for short distances on two legs, but are much faster on all four, being capable of bursts of speed approaching 60 km/h at full gallop.|
|El Naddaha||Egypt||Fairy Creature||A kind of banshee who calls men to the Nile, most likely to their death. Nobody can get close enough to the Nile to get a glimpse of what the creature looks like and run away. Those who pretend to have escaped described her as a very beautiful white female; tall, slender, and with long flowing hair down her back. She stands steadily very near to the bank of the river, her hands placed at her sides, and wearing a loose long semi-transparent dress. In many instances she’s described as having a semi-transparent body. Thus, thought by many people to be a genie. Her voice is calm and soft, yet loud.|
|Encantado||Brazil||Shape-Shifter||River-dwelling spirits who can take either human form or the form of an animal; especially the boto, the bizarre long-beaked freshwater dolphins of the Amazon. In human form they are pale-skinned and graceful, dressed usually in bright clothes in an old-fashioned style. Their transformation is never fully complete, however: an encantado will always have a bald spot on the top of its head where its dolphin blowhole remains. For this reason, the encantado always keeps his head covered, usually with a broad-brimmed straw hat. The encantado is better at assuming its dolphin form, though strange boto with flippers ending in human hands have been reported.|
|Fachan||Scotland||Cryptid||A creature with only half a body. Described as having a single eye, a rooster-like crest, far and away this creature’s most fascinating attributes were its mangled, arm-like appendage, which apparently jutted out from its torso, and its single foot. The foot was said to have grown out of this beast at an awkward angle. Supposedly its appearance, which includes a mane of black feathers tufted at the top and a very wide mouth, is so frightening that it induces heart attacks. It can destroy an orchard with a chain in its strong, singular, withered arm, in a single night. It is also known to mutilate its victims before devouring them.|
|Fomorian||Ireland||Legendary Race of Humanoids||A semi-divine race who inhabited Ireland in ancient times. They are sometimes said to to have one eye, one arm and one leg, or have had the body of a man and the head of a goat, but some, for example Elatha, the father of Bres, was described as having ‘golden-hair and being the handsomest man in sight’. In other accounts, they have grotesquely misshapen bodies which look as if they have been haphazardly thrown together with the leftover parts of assorted animals; they are ill-tempered and very stupid.|
|Garuda||India||Fabled Beast||A large mythical bird or bird-like creature that appears in both Hindu and Buddhist mythology. He has a golden body, white face, red wings, and an eagle’s beak and wings, but a man’s body. He wears a crown on his head like his master, Vishnu. He is ancient and huge, and can block out the sun. The exact size of the Garuda is uncertain, but its wings are said to have a span of many miles. Worship of Garuda is believed to remove the effects of poisons from one’s body.|
|Glashtin||Isle of Man||Shape-Shifter||Appear as either cows with horses’ heads or alternatively as horses with cows’ heads. The bovine headed Glashtin are considered generally harmless and stupid while the ones with the horse head and cow body are thought to be very clever and manipulative. They are generally of regular farmyard proportions, though may sometimes be smaller. In humanoid form, the Glashtin either appear as a handsome young man with curly dark hair and sparkling eyes, or as a strange child-like being. Either way their ears will be pointed or like those of a cow or horse. In each form he is incredibly muscular and looking for someone to ride him, a journey which always leads back to the still waters he calls home, where his rider discovers they can’t jump from his back, and they get pulled to their deaths. However, glashtins can be put to good use, as farm hands, if you can control them.|
|Griffin||Greece||Fabled Beast||A legendary creature with the head, beak and wings of an eagle, the body of a lion and occasionally the tail of a serpent. Griffins lived in groups ranging from 5 to 25 or 30 members. The group lived in a hierarchy very similar to modern day lions. The oldest and strongest male used to be the head of the group. The griffin claws were especially valuable as they were reputed to change color in the presence of poison, which is why they made useful drinking vessels.|
|Ha-inu||Japan||Fabled Beast||A dog with great, wide wings, and sometimes with brilliant blue hair. The ha-inu is the reincarnated spirit of a dog owned by the great samurai Toyotomi Hideyoshi. If you are alone and become waylaid by robbers or other bandits, all you have to do is call on ha-inu. The dog spirit will come on rapid wings and bark three times. At the final bark, a great wind would be summoned and knock down the bandits. This gives you enough time to run away to safety.|
|Hoga||Mexico||Sea/ Lake Monster||An aquatic monster like a gigantic fish creature, with a head and ears like those of a pig, and extremely long barbs or thick whiskers round its mouth in which were great fangs. This creature amazingly had the ability to change color and could be red, green or yellow. Humans were afraid of the Hoga since it was reported to take vast fish and even land animals if they strayed too close to the water’s edge.|
|Inkanyamba||South Africa||Sea/ Lake Monster||A legendary water serpent that lives in the base of a water fall. Local mythology describe Inkanyamba as a gigantic serpent with the head of an antelope (more than one head in some cases), and prominent fore-flippers. Old natives of the area feared and worshipped the creature. For many years natives would push a virgin off the waterfall to her death to appease the beast. The Zulu people of that region are loath to even portray his true physical form in sculpture or painting, choosing instead to use drawings of storm-clouds to represent Inknayamba and highlight the nature of the devastation that inevitably follows him in his wake.|
|Jorogumo||Japan||Shape-Shifter||A monstrous spider often associated with the supernatural “masters” of deep pools and waterfall basins. A common folktale motif tells how, while a man is resting near waterfall or pool, a spider appears and attaches a thread to his leg or toe. The man, though not too flustered, thinks this is strange and reattaches the thread to an old stump, only to watch in horror as the stump is pulled into water by a water-spirit intent on eating the man.|
|Kappa||Japan||Sea/ Lake Monster||A type of aquatic yokai or water deity that inhabits the rivers in rural Japan. Although the kappa is a formidable creature, it is incongruously small, usually no bigger than a human child. It might have a bird-like beak or a pointed mouth, but sometimes it has a face like a monkey instead. It often sports a tortoise’s shell on its back, and its slippery skin is blue or green or sometimes red. The most notable feature of the kappa, however, is the water-filled depressions atop their heads. These cavities are surrounded by scraggly hair. The kappa’s limbs are long and sometimes stretchy, and its elongated fingers and toes are webbed like a duck’s or frog’s, giving it remarkable powers of swimming. It is also notorious for its fishy stink, and its flatulence is known to be particularly noxious. It often uses gas in self-defense when caught by fishermen.|
|Kelpie||Ireland & Scotland||Shape-Shifter||A supernatural shape-shifting water horse from Celtic folklore that is believed to haunt rivers and lochs. The kelpie sometimes appeared as a rough hairy man who would grip and crush travellers, but it most commonly took the form of a beautiful tame horse standing by a stream or river. It will allow itself to be saddled and ridden, but if it is ever taken next to a river or pond, it will carry its hapless rider into the water and rip him to pieces. They would sometimes interbreed with humans’ horses, and the foals were said to be fine fleetfooted horses. The kelpie was also said to warn of forthcoming storms by wailing and howling.|
|Kludde||Belgium||Shape-Shifter||A water spirit which roams the Flemish country side. Kludde usually appears in the shape of a monstrous black dog that walks on his hind legs. It can also assume the shape of a huge, hairy, black cat or a horrible black bird. It is said to hide in the twilight of dawn and sunset and attacks innocent travelers. Travelers would listened for the only sound which betrays that Kludde is in the vicinity: the rattling of the chains with which the spirit is covered. The faster one walks, the faster this monster follows, often swinging through the trees like a giant snake.|
|Kraken||Norway||Sea/ Lake Monster||An enormous sea monster which would sometimes attack ships and feed upon the sailors. It was said to be capable of dragging down the largest ships and when submerging could suck down a vessel by the whirlpool it created. It is described as part octopus and part crab, occasionally as a giant squid or cuttlefish. This huge, many armed, creature looked like an island when motionless and could reach as high as the top of a sailing ship’s main mast with its arms deployed.|
|La Chusa||Mexico||Shape-Shifter||A winged female figure resembling an owl that takes people’s souls away when they going to die. It is said that most of these lechusas are witches with the head of a woman and the body of an owl with huge wings. If you whistle, and La Chusa returns the call, according to the myth death is near. You would know she was near from the sounds of her huge wings beating on a nearby window. If La Chusa could be captured and see the sun rise she would evolve into a beautiful young woman. In some parts of Mexico it is said they capture these birds with green vines and in the morning they transform back into women only to be burned at the stake.|
|Langsuir||Malaysia||Shape-Shifter||A vampire that originates from women who were sick as a result of suffering the death of their children, and who themselves died afterwards. The langsuir appears as a woman with long nails and flying black hair. She may also shapeshift into a night owl with long claws. The Langsuir also sucks the blood of living infants. The Langsuir can be stopped or, more precisely, ‘domesticated,’ if you are able to catch her. Cut short her nails and luxuriant tresses, then stuff them into the hole in her neck, and she will become tame and indistinguishable from an ordinary woman, remaining so for years.|
|Leyak||Bali||Shape-Shifter||An evil shapeshifter – an ordinary human who practices black magic and who needs human entrails or embryo blood in order to sustain themselves and make magic. There are three legendary Leyak, two females and one male. In normal Leyak form, they have an unusually long tongue and large fangs. In daylight they appear as an ordinary human, but at night they can change into a variety of forms such as animals (pig, monkey, tiger, …), a ball of fire or even the demonlike figure of Rangda. They also appear in the form of a flying head with entrails (heart, lung, liver, etc) still attached.|
|Lukwata||Africa||Sea/ Lake Monster||100 feet long, with a square catfish-like head and a a slender dolphin-like body, brown on top with a white underbelly. The natives of the area claim that the Lukwata is often involved in battles with its only real natural enemy, the crocodile. According to the natives, during these fights the Lukwata will occasionally lose pieces of its body in the form of bone fragments. These fragments are later collected by the natives and cherished as relics, believing that they contained magical powers.|
|Makara||India||Sea/ Lake Monster||A fabulous beast in Hindu mythology close to the water horse with the body of a fish and the head of an elephant or crocodile. The Makara has the scales of a fish, the tail of a peacock, the trunk of an elephant, the eyes of a monkey, the jaws and nose of a crocodile and the tusks of a boar. It is serpentine or seal-like, and its elephantine head is often used as an architectural decoration or as a structural bracket. In astrology, the Makara corresponds to the western astrological sign of Capricorn.|
|Mama Dlo||Trinidad & Tobago||Shape-Shifter||A hideous creature, her lower half takes the form of an anaconda. Old hunters tell stories of hearing a loud, cracking sound which is said to be the sound made by her tail as she snaps it on the surface of a mountain pool or a still lagoon.Mortal men who commit crimes against the forest, like burning down trees or indiscriminately putting animals to death or fouling the rivers could find themselves married to her for life, both this one and the one to follow. Sometimes she takes the form of a beautiful woman singing silent songs on still afternoons, sitting at the water’s edge in the sunlight, lingering for a golden moment, a flash of green – gone. Nothing but a big Morte Bleu, rising in the sun beams. If you were to meet Mama Dlo in the forest and wish to escape her, take off your left shoe, turn it upside down and immediately leave the scene, walking backwards until you reach home.|
|Mamlambo||South Africa||Sea/ Lake Monster||A half-fish, half-horse monster . It measures at least 67 feet long, with short stumpy legs, crocodilian body, the head and neck of a snake, and is said to have a hypnotic gaze. It is also able to come out of the water, using that ability to capture prey that isn’t close to the water’s edge. Furthermore, it supposedly glows in the dark, emitting an eerie green light. This exotic creature is blamed for the death of at least seven people and several animals, including livestock. According to the locals, the monster kills by dragging its victims underwater, drowning them and subsequently sucking their blood and brains out.|
|Manticore||Persia||Fabled Beast||Considered to be the most dangerous predator in Asia. It has the body of a red lion, the face and ears of a blue eyes human and a tail ending in a sting like that of a scorpion. The mouth contains three rows of razor-sharp teeth and poisoned spines along the tail could be shot, like arrows in any direction. The monster stalks through the forest in search of humans. Upon an encounter with a human, the manticore fires darts at the victim, who dies immediately. This unfortunate person is eaten completely, even the bones, clothing, and possessions.|
|Menehune||Hawaii||Legendary Race of Humanoids||A race of men, sometimes described as pygmies, who live in the deep forests and hidden valleys of the Hawaiian islands, far from the eyes of normal men. Their favorite food is the mai’a (banana). The menehune were said to be superb craftsmen. Legends say that the menehune built temples, fishponds, roads, canoes, and houses. Menehune are also said to possess magical powers.|
|Minhocão||South America||Sea/ Lake Monster||An amphibian creature similar to a huge earthworm that lives in the forest. The beast is said to have the appearance of a giant worm, with scaly black skin and a pair of tentacle-like structures protruding from its head. The length of the creature has been reported as being as great as at least 82 feet long and a 3 feet thick, capable of overturning boats, capturing livestock and dragging it under the water, besides digging enormous subterranean trenches. The Minhocão is commonly blamed for houses and roads collapsing into the earth. It is also said to frequently visit the local lakes and rivers of the areas in which it’s reported.|
|Mishipeshu||Native American||Sea/ Lake Monster||A horned serpent or an aquatic feline. Most legends hold that the creature possessed a combination of both reptilian and feline features. He reportedly resembles a feline sporting a pair of horns. Although he possesses paws that enable him to swim swiftly through the water, scales cover both his back and tail. Mishipeshu was capable of being either a malevolent or benevolent force depending on the circumstances. Greatly feared and respected due to his control over the lakes and rivers, he was regarded as a ‘’Manito’’ or a powerful being worthy of worship.|
|Mushussu||Babylonia||Cryptid||A dragon in which guards the Ishtar Gate. Muhussu is a huge creature, often depicted with the fore feet of a cat, the back legs of a clawed bird, a serpent’s body, and a scaled head. Its tail ends with a poisonous sting. It resembles a scaly dragon with hind legs like an eagle’s talons and feline forelegs. It also has a long neck and tail, a horned head, a snakelike tongue and a crest.|
|Qilin||Asia||Fabled Beast||A mythical hooved creature with what looks like fire all over its body, perhaps a stylized representation of the giraffe. Although it looks fearsome, the Qilin only punishes the wicked. It can walk on grass and yet not trample the blades and it can also walk on water. Being a peaceful creature, its diet does not include flesh. It takes great care when it walks never to tread on any living thing. It is normally gentle but can become fierce if a pure person is threatened by a sinner, spouting flames from its mouth and exercising other fearsome powers.|
|Patupairehe||New Zealand (Maori)||Fairy Creature||The general appearance of humans, except for being exceedingly pale and having red or fair hair. They were regarded not as people but as supernatural beings. They only go out at night and remain hidden in their caves during the day. Unlike Maori, they were never tattooed. Their eye colour varied from light blue to black. The Tuhoe tribe records that they were small, but others say they were similar in size to humans. Whanganui stories claim them to be giants, more than 2 metres (6 feet) tall. Patupaiarehe were generally found deep in the forests, or on mist-covered hilltops. In some stories their houses were built from swirling mist.|
|Redcap||Ireland & Scotland||Fairy Creature||A type of malevolent murderous goblin described as an emaciated man with a leathery body and little or no hair. A Redcap carries a sharp wooden scythe or an iron pike to strike down all who invade the area he has decided to guard for the time being. The Red Cap he wears, and for which he was named, is said to be made of dried human skin, died in blood. He is very fast in spite of the heavy iron pike he wields and the iron-shod boots he wears. Redcaps are said to murder travelers who stray into their homes, sometimes by pushing boulders off cliffs and on to them.|
|Saci||Brazil||Shape-Shifter||A one-legged elf with holes in the palms of his hands, who smokes a pipe and wears a magical red cap that enables him to disappear and reappear wherever he wishes (usually in the middle of a dust devil). Considered an annoying prankster in most parts of Brazil, and a potentially dangerous and malicious creature in others, he will nevertheless grant wishes to anyone who manages to steal his magic cap or trap him in a bottle or under a sieve. He will hide children’s toys, set farm animals loose, tease dogs, and curse chicken eggs preventing them from hatching. In a kitchen, the Saci would spill all salt, sour the milk, burn bean stew, and drop flies into the soup.|
|Singa||Indonesia||Fabled Beast||The name means “lion” but it resembles no living creature. Its representation, generally confined to the head, varies between the buffalo and a distorted human figures. Later it has been somehow merged with the dragon, Garuda and even the phoenix. Other descrptions include a lengthened face and round impressive eyes, occasionally accompanied by highly developed eye-brows (which at time are depicted almost like antlers). Its image on houses, domestic utensils, wooden coffins, stone sarcophagi, copper jewelry, etc. seems to indicate a protective role.|
|Sisiutl||Eskimo||Sea/ Lake Monster||A two-headed sea serpent. Alternately, a long, serpentine animal with small forelimbs and a dog like or crocodilian head. It is able to shift shape and transform from animal to man at anytime. A Sisiutl can change itself in to a self-propeled canoe which the owner must feed with seals. Touching the serpent or even looking at it, or a glance from it, can cause death. Legends say Shamans tried to kill the Sisiutl for its healing power and magic. It’s closely assocated with war and strength, death and revival, so warriors try to kill it to rub its blood on themselves to attain its skillful strength and become invulnerable.|
|Sleipnir||Norway||Fabled Beast||A magical eight-legged steed, and the greatest of all horses. Sleipnir conveys the god Odin between the realms of spirit and matter, and is symbolic of Time. Sleipnir can gallop over land, sea, or through the air. He is the offspring of the gray stallion Svadilfari, and the god Loki when he was in the form of a beautiful white mare.|
|Spriggan||Britain & Cornwall||Fairy Creature||Grotesquely ugly, usually skinny with wrinkled skins, sloping shoulders, and stick-legs with flat froglike feet. Their arms hung down to their knees and their havnds were huge with six fingers or more. Their heads were large and misshapen, with bulging brows and glowing red or yellow eyes. Though usually small, they had the ability to swell to enormous size. They caused mischief to those who offended them. They sent storms to blight crops, and sometimes stole away mortal children, leaving their ugly changelings in their place. Spriggans are able to expand from their diminutive stature to giant sized proportions.|
|Succarath||South America||Fabled Beast||A ferocious beast that lives in cold, wild country. Half tiger and half wolf, it has the head of a beautiful but malicious woman. Its tail looks like a large, flat, green palm leaf. It lived near the banks of rivers and, if it were pursued, took its young on its back, covered them with its tail, and fled. If it is cornered by a hunter, the mother will kill her young rather than let them live in captivity, which is why you will never see one in a zoo.|
|Tennin||Japan||Fairy Creature||Unnaturally beautiful women dressed in ornate, colorful kimonos (traditionally in five colors), exquisite jewelry, and flowing scarves that wrap loosely around their bodies. They usually carry Sacred lotus blossoms as a symbol of enlightenment or play instruments such as the biwa, drum, or flute. Tennin can fly, a fact generally indicated in art by their colored or feathered kimonos. In some legends tennin are unable to fly without these kimonos (and thus cannot return to heaven).|
|Thunderbird||Native American||Shape-Shifter||A large bird-like mythological creature, having a 15 to 20 feet wingspan and four to eight feet height when standing on the ground. In masks, it is depicted as many-colored, with two curling horns, and sometimes with teeth within its beak. It is intelligent, powerful, and wrathful. All agree that one should go out of one’s way to keep from gethe thunderbirds is a magical animal that was sent by their gods to protect people from the powers of evil. Some native Indians believed that thunderbirds belonged to a special tribe whose members were able to shapeshift to human form by tilting back their beak as if it were only a mask, and by removing their feathers as if it were a feather-covered blanket.|
|Tikbalang||Philippines||Shape-Shifter||A creature said to lurk in the mountains and forests, and generally described as a tall, bony humanoid creature with disproportionately long limbs, to the point that its knees reach above its head, hiding its face, when it squats down. It has the head and sometimes feet of an animal, most commonly a horse. It can transform itself into human form. It may assume the form of someone a victim may be acquainted with, such as a close relative, and imitate their exact voice and mannerisms. At this point, the tikbalang is said to ask the victim to follow it into the woods. The traveler, believing the creature to be someone he knows, will do so willingly and end up getting even more lost, sometimes never to be seen again.|
|Tikoloshe||Zulu||Undead||A malevolent creature. Tikoloshe is described either as a bear-like humanoid or a dwarf-like water sprite. The latter would have only one arm and one leg, and the face of an old man on a boy’s body. On the west coast of Africa it is a worm-like creature which has a head of a dog and a sharp tongue made of gold. The Tikoloshe will burrow through the sand and eat the crops of villages that have a resident that has done wrong. They can become invisible by swallowing a pebble.|
|Vodyanoy||Russia||Shape-Shifter||A water spirit that appears as an old man with a bald head, large belly, round cheeks and green clothes either in green clothes or with his body covered in algae and muck. He wears a high, pointed hat made of reed. In his most appaling appearance, he has webbed paws instead of hands, a fish’s tail, eyes that burn like red-hot coals. He usually rides along his river on a half-sunk log, making loud splashes. The vodyanoy is essentially an evil and vindictive spirit whose passtime is to drown people. Anyone bathing after sunset, on a holy day, or without having first made the sign of the cross risks being sucked into the water by the vodyanoy. The vodyanoy can assume many different forms that enable him to deceive and trap his victims. He would appear in the shape of a handsome young man or a well-known person from the village. He is also said to hide during the day as a trout or an old salmon.|
|Wolpertinger||Germany||Cryptid||Composed from body parts of various animals — generally wings, antlers and fangs, all attached to the body of a small mammal resembling that of a rabbit or squirrel. Occasionally it displays the webbed feet of a duck. The most widespread description is that of a horned rabbit or horned squirrel. The best way to catch a Wolpertinger, according to legend, is to be a beautiful young woman (or be in the company of one), since Wolpertingers have a weakness for female beauty. The woman should go out into a forest at night while the moon is full and find a secluded nook where a Wolpertinger is likely to be. Hopefully, the creature will soon reveal itself.|
|Xolotl||Aztec||Psychopomp||Aided the dead on their journey to the afterlife. Also the god of lightning, fire and of bad luck. In art, Xolotl was depicted as a skeleton, a dog-headed man or a monster animal with reversed feet. He guarded the sun when it went through the underworld at night. He also assisted Quetzalcoatl in bringing humankind and fire from the underworld.|